About State Hydrographic Service of Ukraine
Ukraine is located on the cross-road of the trade routes of Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean. It is washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov belonging to the Atlantic Ocean basin. The total length of Ukrainian seacoast exceeds 2 500 km (Black Sea – 1 652.2 km, Sea of Azov – 874.8 km). Seagate from the Black and Azov Seas through the straits such as Bosporus, Dardanelles, Gibraltar and Suez Canal to the World Ocean allows Ukraine to use ocean resources for economic needs and ranks it together with maritime states, which according to the rules of international law possess the most favored advantages and benefits.
A wide network of merchant and fishing ports covers the Ukrainian seacoast from Izmail Port in the west to Mariupol Port in the east. One of the main tasks today is to provide an integrated national system of aids to navigation that means to create favorable navigational conditions in Ukrainian seas and inland waterways for safe shipping of transport, fishing, special and other sea and river craft.
After attaining independence Ukraine has obtained under public administration the inland sea waters and territorial sea with overall area of 38 thousand square kilometers. Pursuant to the regulations of United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982, its exclusive (maritime) economic zone covers the area exceeding 100 thousand square kilometers.
Maritime sector and primarily transport and industrial fleets require the availability of reliable aids of navigation. In the times of the Soviet Union these functions were assigned to the Black Sea Fleet Hydrographic Service. In 1994 the Ukrainian Government has entrusted the National Agency for Maritime Researches and Technologies (NAMRT) with responsibility of nationwide support of the aids to navigation system and hydrography aiming at improvement of aids to navigation management. In 1998 on the basis of NAMRT it was created Hydrographic Service of Ukraine, whereupon in August of 2000 it was established State Hydrographic Service of Ukraine (SHS of Ukraine).
SHS of Ukraine has became a successor of the Central, Kerch, Mykolaiv, Odesa and Sevastopol state hydrographic enterprises, as well as of the state scientific and research organization “Ukrmorcartographia”. Currently State Hydrographic Service of Ukraine has a status of research-and-production complex, which is established using government property and operates within Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine.